Put simply, negative space is the area which surrounds the main subject in your photo (the main subject is known as the “positive space”). Negative space defines and emphasises the main subject of a photo, drawing your eye to it. It provides “breathing room”, giving your eyes somewhere to rest and preventing your image from appearing too cluttered with “stuff”. All of this adds up to a more engaging composition. When used properly, negative space provides a natural balance against the positive space in a scene. When framing your photo, adjust your composition until the positive and negative spaces in the shot feel well balanced against one another. Be generous with the amount of empty space you leave, and don’t feel you have to cram something interesting into every square inch of the frame. Getting this balance right is tricky and rather subjective. In relation to my image, i feel as though i will have to walk a fine line between my image being too cluttered or too empty. The idea of ‘claustrophobia’ for the young girl in a dangerous predicament in of paramount importance to conveying the message of the article.
(information collected from: http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/understanding-and-using-negative-space-in-photography)
To help with spacing i will attempt to apply the rule of thirds. The basic principle behind the rule of thirds is to imagine breaking an image down into thirds (both horizontally and vertically) so that you have 9 parts. The theory is that if you place points of interest in the intersections or along the lines that your photo becomes more balanced and will enable a viewer of the image to interact with it more naturally. Studies have shown that when viewing images that people’s eyes usually go to one of the intersection points most naturally rather than the center of the shot – using the rule of thirds works with this natural way of viewing an image rather than working against it. From this i will attempt to make the two main points of conflict, with the lashing arms and the groom reaching out his hand on the main intersections points of my image. By being able to represent both conflicts i will be better able to represent my article.
(information collected from: http://digital-photography-school.com/rule-of-thirds/)